Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a non-intoxicating component of the cannabis plant. There are hundreds of minor cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, but CBD is one of the most important and the one that has been studied most extensively.
Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds extracted from the cannabis and hemp plant. The hemp plant produces high concentrations of the non-intoxicating cannabinoid, cannabidiol (CBD). CBD has been recognized for its benefits on human and animal health and is capable of affecting nearly every biological process in the human body.
No. Unlike THC (the cannabinoid known to cause the psychoactive “high” in marijuana) CBD exhibits many health benefits without any psychoactive effects at all. CBD does not result in feelings of euphoria. CBD products must contain less than 0.3% THC to be legal according to Federal Law.
CBD isolate (also called pure CBD) is the CBD molecule that has been separated from the rest of the compounds that it normally occurs with. When CBD is isolated from all other compounds in the plant, there are no other cannabinoids, terpenes, or flavonoids in it. CBD isolate will contain nothing except pure, isolated CBD.
In contrast to CBD isolate, full-spectrum or “whole plant” CBD contains a full range of cannabinoids that are naturally found together in the plant. Instead of isolating one compound, all of the various cannabinoids, terpenes, or flavonoids are present and may work together synergistically.
Terpenes are naturally-occurring aromatic oils that are found in the cannabis plant (and almost every other plant on the planet). If you have ever used essential oils, you’ve likely used terpenes. For instance limonene, found in lemons, is responsible for the mood lifting effect of lemon essential oil. Terpenes found in the cannabis plant may work together synergistically with other compounds like CBD.
By law hemp-derived products must contain less than 0.3% THC by concentration. Hemp grown for CBD is different than the plant grown for marijuana. It is cultivated to have very high levels of CBD and very low levels of THC. Some CBD products remove THC from the blended extract, but keep the other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids in the CBD spectrum.
Topical CBD products are produced by adding the naturally occurring CBD compounds to a topical base to be applied directly to the skin.